Juliette Rouchier (LAMSADE, CNRS, University Paris-Dauphine )
Denis Phan (GEMASS, CNRS Univerity Paris-Sorbonne)
In knowledge engineering, ontology is a specification of a conceptualization of a given domain. It deals with the formalization of the objects of knowledge in that domain: abstract types of ontological elements or objects are defined, together with their relations. If we consider Agent Based Models as a particular form of domain, ontology can be viewed as a step in the process of formalizing the model. More specifically, the process of building ontology could be a mediator between model makers and domains experts to formalize ABM. Ontologies are also used for assessment and evaluation of ABM. Such use of ontologies, defined by an “ontological test”, crossing philosophical and computer science insights, helps to solve questions of verification and comparison during the process of model building.